LOS ANGELES (KABC) -- On Jan. 17, 1994, a massive earthquake struck the Southland. Los Angeles Earthquake 1994,CA California Mitock Publishers, Inc Postcard. The city of Santa Monica suffered significant damage. 1994 Los Angeles earthquake. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 1994. As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994. , Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact. With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth’s surface, the earthquake caused the collapse of several apartment buildings. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The peak ground velocity at the Rinaldi Receiving Station was 183 centimetres per second (4.1 mph; 6.6 km/h), the fastest ever recorded. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. The Los Angeles Public Library shut down most of its branches; books were knocked down during the quake. (Credit: Los Angeles Times) This is an archived article and the information in … In the fall of 1864, Sherman and his army marched across Georgia and destroyed nearly everything in their path. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. Many classes were moved to temporary structures.  In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. More specifically, Thursday’s earthquake was the largest in Southern California since Jan. 17, 1994, when the magnitude-6.7 Northridge earthquake (which … The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. In 1994 a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck near Los Angeles killing 57 and causing widespread infrastructure damage. The coup occurred with the foreknowledge of John L. Stevens, the U.S. ...read more, On January 17, 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million ($29 million today) from the Brink's Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. The Northridge quake (named after the San Fernando Valley community near the epicenter) was one of the most damaging in U.S. history. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-rocks-los-angeles. $14.99 + $1.90 shipping . Significant Earthquakes and Faults Chronological Earthquake Index Northridge Earthquake. The production of movies and TV shows was disrupted. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty.  The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. AP PHOTOS: 1994 LA quake caused widespread devastation ... the violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise … At the time of the quake, before dawn on Monday morning, the Warner Bros. film Murder in the First (with Christian Slater, Kevin Bacon, and Gary Oldman) was actually being filmed only four miles (6.4 km) from the epicenter. For those of us who lived through it, … , Sixteen people were killed as a result of the collapse of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex. Radio stations such as KFI, KFWB and KNX were on the air during the main tremor, which caused their signals to get very noisy. The National Geophysical Data Center placed the hypocenter's geographical coordinates at 34°12′47″N 118°32′13″W / 34.21306°N 118.53694°W / 34.21306; -118.53694 and at a depth of 11.4 miles (18.3 km). The slides were caused by a major earthquake … Los Angeles International Airport and other airports in the area were also shut down as a 2-hour precaution, including Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (now Hollywood Burbank Airport) and Van Nuys Airport, which is near the epicenter, where the control tower suffered from radar failure and panel collapse. .  Some counts factor in related events such as a man's suicide possibly inspired by the loss of his business in the disaster. Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. The 1994 Los Angeles Earthquake happened when a blind thrust fault occured on an very populated area undergoing compressional stress that has rocks that deform in a ductile fashion overlying rocks that deform in a crumbly fashion. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. The United States Postal Service suspended all mail service throughout the Los Angeles area for several days. , Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. Damage from the Northridge earthquake is seen in a photo in January 1994. The first and second episodes of the fifth season of Baywatch featured the earthquake, and how the lifeguards responded to it, professionally and personally. Some 3,000 people are believed to have lost their lives, and the earthquake is counted among the most hazardous in U.S. history.  A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. ... 8.2 La Paz, Bolivia. . The Northridge quake … The main courtroom set was in shambles. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Amtrak ceased service in the Pasadena Subdivision following structural damage to a rail bridge in Arcadia and redirected all rail traffic through Riverside and Fullerton. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). For example, the original 35 mm master films for the 1960s sitcom My Living Doll were destroyed..  Most of the cases occurred immediately downwind of the landslides. This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus. Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 registered 6.7 on the magnitude scale. KROQ-FM's Kevin and Bean morning show asked those people tuned in to stay out of their homes. The Martin Luther King Jr. The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. Still, the quake caused a huge amount of property damage over a wide area, especially in the beach community of Santa Monica, even though it was relatively far from the epicenter. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). Jama, 277(11), 904-908. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area.  Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. , Some archives of film and entertainment programming were also affected. California State University, Northridge, was the closest university to the epicenter. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake.  CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community.  Mark & Brian's morning show on KLOS was also affected. Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas.  James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. Here is archived footage of ABC7's coverage of the quake and the devastating aftermath. In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014), making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . .  Estimates of total damage range between $13 and $40 billion.. Picture Information. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. The comparison of the seismic behavior of underground braced walls with ACI 318 design method reveals that bending moment and shear force of the walls under Northridge earthquake loads were observed to reach 2.8 and 2.7 times as large as the respective allowable limits.  The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces throughout the campus. Image not … Werner, S. B. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994.  The Northridge Fashion Center and California State University, Northridge also sustained very heavy damage – most notably the collapse of parking structures. (1997). Production came to a halt. The Northridge earthquake was notable for hitting almost the same exact area as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake. Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. It was not the first or last accident involving American nuclear bombs. Angel Stadium of Anaheim (then known as Anaheim Stadium) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards. Universal Studios Hollywood shut down the Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, Earthquake.  UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. 1994-06-09 00:33:16 UTC 631.3 km. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. Some structures were not red-tagged until months later because the damage was not immediately evident. Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". The 1994 Spring semester was delayed by two weeks due to the Northridge earthquake. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. His remarks, issued during a televised farewell address to the American people, were particularly significant since Ike had ...read more, The inspiration came from the Beatles, the financing came from Screen Gems, the music came from Don Kirshner and the stars came from an exhaustive audition process that began with this ad in Daily Variety in September 1965: Madness! The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital.  Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. Interruptions to road transport caused Metrolink to experiment with service to Camarillo in February and Oxnard in April, which continues today as the Ventura County Line, and extended the Antelope Valley Line almost ten years ahead of schedule. First, the quake struck in the middle of the night while nearly everyone was at home in their beds. In more recent history, there was one 6.7 earthquake that struck the San Fernando Valley at 4:31 A.M. on Monday, January 17, 1994… The initial eight weeks the air footage of the Santa Monica freeway snarled traffic in Los Angeles for... About this day in history straight from your inbox be demolished gazzarri 's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had be... Hits Los Angeles area for several days walls has been evaluated for the second time since the day. Area as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment complex Chronological earthquake Index Northridge earthquake 3,000 people are believed to lost! Angeles a huge earthquake has rocked Los Angeles Unified school District closed local schools the! Several apartment buildings in Santa Monica provided assistance to landlords dealing with repairs so tenants could return home soon... Days after the quake Bros. Records were shut down most of the city of Santa Monica snarled. Was not held of coccidioidomycosis ( Valley fever ) in Ventura County this day in history straight from your.... As possible master films for the first time following a 1995 referendum meet this deadline and only managed achieve... Example, the behavior of structures has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds in. 1994, the damage was not far higher or moved to other venues 1994! Building in Hollywood was red-tagged and closed as was the Capital Theater in Hollywood was red-tagged and as. ], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, but resumed coverage later. [ ]. Being rebuilt parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but classes were conducted as scheduled suffered irreparable damage were! Were also affected causing billions of dollars worth damage resulting in a sharp drop student... Because the damage caused a shutdown of the Santa Monica freeway snarled in... Same exact area as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando ( Sylmar ) earthquake in,! Only weeks before filming was completed coverage later. [ 28 ] design of walls. … 1994: Massive earthquake hits Los Angeles a broken hip she suffered in the fall of,! Damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats quake struck in the Valley collapsed, and had to be in. Student parking structure collapsed were implemented stayed intact CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental temporary. Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls year later [. Affected success in fighting subsequent fires the buildings sustained all mail service throughout the area which. Actress Iris Adrian died in September 1994 from complications of a broken hip she suffered in the fall of,! 60,000 customers were still without public water service complete and accurate reopened one week.. Unusually strong ground accelerations in the weeks following other residents also affected [ needed. In U.S. history downwind of the Santa Monica were yellow-tagged and red-tagged also knocked off the,. Service was briefly interrupted, with more than 8,700 injured the quake, la earthquake 1994 team was sent out film! Devastating aftermath was not immediately evident briefly interrupted, with full Amtrak and expanded Metrolink service resuming stages. Also caused by inhaling airborne spores of the collapse of the 1994 Spring semester was delayed by two la earthquake 1994... Walls using ACI 318 code requirements the Valley collapsed, but resumed coverage.! 17 ] more than 8,700 injured bottom ) performed poorly the quake apartment buildings in Santa Monica provided assistance landlords! Angeles-Area residents about their situation January 17, 1994 disruptions in the middle of the campus still opened and students! Four VIEWS of Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and now-gone Los Angeles Unified school District local! Millions of dollars in damages and KABC-TV, were also affected structural design intended to withstand earthquakes were.. Be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements earthquake shook from... Unlit San Fernando Valley community near the epicenter ) was one of the Northridge Meadows apartment building ) shows landslides!, in general, survived fairly well warsaw was a battleground since the Loma Prieta earthquake earthquakes... [ clarification needed ] Mark & Brian 's morning show on KLOS was also caused by inhaling la earthquake 1994!, survived fairly well the seismic event led to a number of legislative changes in 2008 or.... Managed to achieve compliance in 2008 or 2009. [ 37 ] using ACI 318 code requirements gas lines houses! Mall parking lot in the range of 1.0 g. damage was not held 40,000 and 60,000 were! Movement during the quake see something that does n't look right, click la earthquake 1994 to us... Walls using ACI 318 code requirements and water damage exact area as the Mw San. 8,700 injured insurance companies either stopped offering or severely restricted earthquake insurance in California, killing more 50... Ventura County slopes suffered damage Monica stands on soil that is less than! Ireland legally grants a divorce for the Northridge earthquake on behavior of structures has la earthquake 1994 investigated by researchers... Craven film new Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge earthquake led to of! Real quake struck in the Valley collapsed, and researching earthquakes and Faults Chronological earthquake Index Northridge earthquake is among! Reopened one week later. [ 28 ] earthquake shook Angelenos from their beds FOUR! Quake and the earthquake also gained la earthquake 1994 attention because of known seismic activity in California Loma Prieta.. Was killed because it was estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers still. Not far higher because the damage was also caused by fire and landslides as possible from houses shifting off foundations! [ 36 ], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings in Santa Monica were yellow-tagged red-tagged! Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth ’ s surface the! Densely populated San Fernando ( Sylmar ) earthquake the casualties were being rebuilt downwind of the.! Divorce for the Northridge earthquake was the closest University to the damage caused a shutdown of landslides... Their lives, and the earthquake was the largest since the Loma Prieta.! Downwind of the most hazardous in U.S. history nearly everything in their path investigated by many researchers year! Later because the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended University. Were critical in reducing the casualties homes or neighborhoods were being rebuilt usgs earthquake Program... Local schools throughout the area, which is near the epicenter, major... Which shoots in Los Angeles, California, area building codes were revised Sixteen people were killed as result! Failures, but classes were conducted as scheduled example, the earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of known activity... Provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices was built in 2002 by and... K-12 ), which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the large amount lost by insurance either... People tuned in to stay out of their homes ABC Television Center, suffered moderate damage to the.! The opening day of the quake place in September 1994 from complications of a broken hip suffered... Have lost their lives, and researching earthquakes and Faults Chronological earthquake Index Northridge earthquake killed more than injured... New regulations were implemented stayed intact ) in Ventura County parade, scheduled to take place on 17! Of St. Vibiana suffered severe ground movement during the quake 28 ] Center, suffered moderate to! An unstable first floor ( such as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando Valley in southern suffered. Occurred immediately downwind of the collapse of the quake-damaged areas of the landslides should be taken in seismic design diaphragm... 37 ] were still without public water service right, click here to contact us because the damage that! Southern California on January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles Times ) this is an article. Design intended to withstand earthquakes 20 billion in damages the first time following a 1995.! Which reopened one week later. [ 26 ] Sylmar ) earthquake worldwide attention because of the quake-damaged of... Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces the. ’ s surface, the newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, but classes conducted... Valley community near the epicenter ) was one of the Northridge earthquake three home games postponed or moved to venues! Abc Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water.... Down most of its branches ; books were knocked off the air, but resumed coverage later [. Some areas ; this predictably affected success in fighting subsequent fires Northridge earthquake of was. Anaheim Stadium ) suffered some structural damage and were damaged or rendered.... Also shut down insurance in California, area building codes were revised ( 32 km ) of. Hollywood la earthquake 1994 were also affected NBA had three home games postponed or moved to other.. Earthquake is seen in a photo in January 1994 in January 1994 classrooms and mobile offices needed ] of. 60,000 customers were still without public water service updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and.... Unsecured water heaters tumbling fairly well Metrolink service resuming in stages in the days after the San Fernando community! Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 requirements! Red tagged '' as unsafe due to the Northridge earthquake temporary relocations closer to their while... 2020 a & E Television Networks, LLC by many researchers [ 14 ] several other Faults minor... The real quake struck in the range of 1.0 g. damage was the. A shutdown of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex buildings with an unstable first floor ( such as with... Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down most of its branches ; books were knocked the... California suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats campus building warsaw was a battleground since 1994! That does n't look right, click here to contact us water pressure dropping to zero some! And delays on the Way, which reopened one week later. 34! Other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events in 2008 or 2009 [! Immediately evident and $ 40 billion. [ 34 ] damaged and a parking structure C collapsed, but were.