LOS ANGELES (KABC) -- On Jan. 17, 1994, a massive earthquake struck the Southland. Los Angeles Earthquake 1994,CA California Mitock Publishers, Inc Postcard. The city of Santa Monica suffered significant damage. 1994 Los Angeles earthquake. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.[26]. Jump to Navigation Significant Earthquakes - 1994. As Californians were nestled in bed during the early hours of the morning, the Northridge Earthquake erupted throughout the west San Fernando Valley at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994. [55], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. Every building constructed after the new regulations were implemented stayed intact. With an epicenter 12 miles beneath the earth’s surface, the earthquake caused the collapse of several apartment buildings. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages. The peak ground velocity at the Rinaldi Receiving Station was 183 centimetres per second (4.1 mph; 6.6 km/h),[10] the fastest ever recorded. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. The Los Angeles Public Library shut down most of its branches; books were knocked down during the quake. (Credit: Los Angeles Times) This is an archived article and the information in … In the fall of 1864, Sherman and his army marched across Georgia and destroyed nearly everything in their path. An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. Many classes were moved to temporary structures. [47] In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. More specifically, Thursday’s earthquake was the largest in Southern California since Jan. 17, 1994, when the magnitude-6.7 Northridge earthquake (which … The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. In 1994 a 6.7 magnitude earthquake struck near Los Angeles killing 57 and causing widespread infrastructure damage. The coup occurred with the foreknowledge of John L. Stevens, the U.S. ...read more, On January 17, 1950, 11 men steal more than $2 million ($29 million today) from the Brink's Armored Car depot in Boston, Massachusetts. The Northridge quake (named after the San Fernando Valley community near the epicenter) was one of the most damaging in U.S. history. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/earthquake-rocks-los-angeles. $14.99 + $1.90 shipping . Significant Earthquakes and Faults Chronological Earthquake Index Northridge Earthquake. The production of movies and TV shows was disrupted. A mall parking lot in the Valley collapsed, but no one was killed because it was entirely empty. [27] The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. AP PHOTOS: 1994 LA quake caused widespread devastation ... the violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise … At the time of the quake, before dawn on Monday morning, the Warner Bros. film Murder in the First (with Christian Slater, Kevin Bacon, and Gary Oldman) was actually being filmed only four miles (6.4 km) from the epicenter. For those of us who lived through it, … [23], Sixteen people were killed as a result of the collapse of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex. Radio stations such as KFI, KFWB and KNX were on the air during the main tremor, which caused their signals to get very noisy. The National Geophysical Data Center placed the hypocenter's geographical coordinates at 34°12′47″N 118°32′13″W / 34.21306°N 118.53694°W / 34.21306; -118.53694 and at a depth of 11.4 miles (18.3 km). The slides were caused by a major earthquake … Los Angeles International Airport and other airports in the area were also shut down as a 2-hour precaution, including Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (now Hollywood Burbank Airport) and Van Nuys Airport, which is near the epicenter, where the control tower suffered from radar failure and panel collapse. . [20][21] Some counts factor in related events such as a man's suicide possibly inspired by the loss of his business in the disaster. Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. The 1994 Los Angeles Earthquake happened when a blind thrust fault occured on an very populated area undergoing compressional stress that has rocks that deform in a ductile fashion overlying rocks that deform in a crumbly fashion. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. The United States Postal Service suspended all mail service throughout the Los Angeles area for several days. [15], Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. Damage from the Northridge earthquake is seen in a photo in January 1994. The first and second episodes of the fifth season of Baywatch featured the earthquake, and how the lifeguards responded to it, professionally and personally. Some 3,000 people are believed to have lost their lives, and the earthquake is counted among the most hazardous in U.S. history. [54] A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. ... 8.2 La Paz, Bolivia. [citation needed]. The Northridge quake … The main courtroom set was in shambles. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Amtrak ceased service in the Pasadena Subdivision following structural damage to a rail bridge in Arcadia and redirected all rail traffic through Riverside and Fullerton. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). For example, the original 35 mm master films for the 1960s sitcom My Living Doll were destroyed.[37]. [32] Most of the cases occurred immediately downwind of the landslides. This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus. Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 registered 6.7 on the magnitude scale. KROQ-FM's Kevin and Bean morning show asked those people tuned in to stay out of their homes. The Martin Luther King Jr. The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. Still, the quake caused a huge amount of property damage over a wide area, especially in the beach community of Santa Monica, even though it was relatively far from the epicenter. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). Jama, 277(11), 904-908. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. [22] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. LOS ANGELES (AP) — Twenty-five years ago this week, a violent, pre-dawn earthquake shook Los Angeles from its sleep, and sunrise revealed widespread devastation, with dozens killed and $25 billion in damage. [36], Some archives of film and entertainment programming were also affected. California State University, Northridge, was the closest university to the epicenter. The Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss" was being filmed at the time, and actors Armin Shimerman and Edward Wiley left the Paramount Pictures lot in full Ferengi and Cardassian makeup, respectively. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake. [50] CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community. [citation needed] Mark & Brian's morning show on KLOS was also affected. Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. Their mother died when Anne was still an infant, and the children were left largely to their own devices in the bleak parsonage in Haworth, a remote village in Yorkshire, ...read more, On January 17, 1865, Union General William T. Sherman’s army is rained in at Savannah, Georgia, as it waits to begin marching into the Carolinas. [38][39] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. Here is archived footage of ABC7's coverage of the quake and the devastating aftermath. In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[12] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. Earthquake Northridge California 1994 . . [citation needed] Estimates of total damage range between $13 and $40 billion.[28]. Picture Information. Two key factors were critical in reducing the casualties. The comparison of the seismic behavior of underground braced walls with ACI 318 design method reveals that bending moment and shear force of the walls under Northridge earthquake loads were observed to reach 2.8 and 2.7 times as large as the respective allowable limits. [48] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. CSUN President Dr. Blenda Wilson assured the rental of temporary structures to be placed in available spaces throughout the campus. Image not … Werner, S. B. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. The recording venues Capitol Records and Warner Bros. Records were shut down at the time of the quake. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994. [24] The Northridge Fashion Center and California State University, Northridge also sustained very heavy damage – most notably the collapse of parking structures. (1997). Production came to a halt. The Northridge earthquake was notable for hitting almost the same exact area as the Mw 6.6 San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake. Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. It was not the first or last accident involving American nuclear bombs. Angel Stadium of Anaheim (then known as Anaheim Stadium) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats. USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, responsible for monitoring, reporting, and researching earthquakes and earthquake hazards. Universal Studios Hollywood shut down the Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, Earthquake. [51] UCLA and Pierce College opened their doors and allowed CSUN students to use their libraries while providing shuttle buses to and from the university. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. 1994-06-09 00:33:16 UTC 631.3 km. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. Some structures were not red-tagged until months later because the damage was not immediately evident. Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". The 1994 Spring semester was delayed by two weeks due to the Northridge earthquake. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. His remarks, issued during a televised farewell address to the American people, were particularly significant since Ike had ...read more, The inspiration came from the Beatles, the financing came from Screen Gems, the music came from Don Kirshner and the stars came from an exhaustive audition process that began with this ad in Daily Variety in September 1965: Madness! The other key factor was that the city’s building and safety codes were strengthened following the 1971 Sylmar quake that collapsed the San Fernando Veterans Hospital. [29] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. Interruptions to road transport caused Metrolink to experiment with service to Camarillo in February and Oxnard in April,[40][41] which continues today as the Ventura County Line, and extended the Antelope Valley Line almost ten years ahead of schedule. 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